Battle of Coral and Balmoral
May - June 1968 ...
Australian soldiers fought their largest, most sustained and arguably most hazardous battles of the Vietnam War.
Units of the 1st Australian Task Force (1ATF) confronted regimental-sized formations of the North Vietnamese regular army in fierce actions around Fire Support Patrol Bases (FSPB) Coral and Balmoral in what was then known as Bien Hoa Province. The location of FSPBs Coral and Balmoral are marked by blue symbols on this satellite map.
The first of the battles occurred at FSPB Coral when massed enemy units attacked the base in the early hours of 13 May 1968. Australian units withstood heavy enemy attacks during which a mortar platoon and two gun positions were partly over-run. The Australians drove off the enemy after fierce close-quarter actions.
The battle lasted over two hours. The task force suffered 11 killed in action and 28 wounded. In one mortar platoon five soldiers were killed and eight were wounded from a total strength of 18 men. One howitzer and two mortars were damaged. The enemy left numerous dead strewn throughout and around the fire support base.
A history of Australian artillery records that the attack on Coral was "the most sustained ground attack on an Australian field gun position since the Pacific War. Yet the gunners recovered their guns and were in action, supporting the infantry, the following morning."
Over the following four weeks, in further actions around FSPB Coral and Balmoral, Australian soldiers accounted for several hundred enemy soldiers killed. They also captured hundreds of enemy weapons.
In return, 26 Australian soldiers died: two from 12 Field Regiment; one from 104 Signal Squadron; 16 from 1 RAR; 6 from 3 RAR and one from 161 Independent Reconnaissance Squadron. Over 100 Australians were wounded.
Australian Army regiments involved in the series of battles were later awarded one of the five battle honours approved for the Vietnam War.